Robert Conrad, Registered Piano Tuner/Technician, Tucson, AZ

Tuning Articles

Balancing the Prime 5ths

Balancing the prime 5ths involves tweaking the shape of the prime octave 'curve' by slightly raising or lowering the mid point of the prime octave curve, while leaving A3 and A4 unmoved. Since using D#4 is not practical to be used as a mapping note, D4 and E4 are used instead.  D#4 can easily be placed between the settings of D4 and E4. Being able to apply this tweak to the tuning is a unique feature of this system of mapping with templates and then using the LC Spreadsheet to create the tuning. Continue reading

Mapping A3

This system uses the relationships of the prime octave (A3/A4) to the prime 5ths (A3/E4 & D4/A4) to determine the ideal widths for both the prime octave and the prime 5ths.   This relationship will be found using the A4 Numbers the 4th A4 Number, and 'Templates'. Continue reading

Mapping A3: Procedures

This procedure is for pianos whose 4th A4 Number is generally less than 2.0 c.  When the 4th A4 number is less than 2.0 c.,  the prime octave's 2:1 can be either expanded or contracted - based on what the prime 5ths dictate - and still remain less than 3.0 c. wide.  Most of the time on these pianos, the prime 4:2 octave will be either wide or pure. Continue reading

Mapping A0

Mapping A0 can be done any number of ways. It can be mapped however you like, but just like A1, once you have it where you want it, it's location must be measured using it's 4th partial, since the LC Spreadsheet uses the 4th partials for A0 - A4. Continue reading

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